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History Of Cricket

History of Cricket

Cricket, as a team game with bats and a ball, has been known since the middle ages of the last millennium. The name of the game received from the Saxon word, denoted as "Stick". Historians suggest that this game was created on the basis of old games with a club and a ball.

It is authentically known that the game originated in the south-east of England. In those places, a large number of pastures for sheep, where there was low grass. On it the first players also rolled a ball of sheep wool with shepherd's sticks.

History Of Cricket
History Of Cricket
The first historical information about cricket dates back to 1300. In the annals of the times of Prince Edward are indicated the sums of funds spent on the game "krig".

Up until the 16th century, references to cricket were episodic, but among them sometimes famous personalities are mentioned. So it became known that Oliver Cromwell in his youthful years was very keen on cricket.

Cricket Rules:

Cricket is played by two teams of 11 people, each of which gets a chance to beat and serve the ball. The task is to destroy the opponent's wicket with the ball. The team that scored the most points in the process of fighting off wins the match. A team is not considered knocked out until it has one unbathed batsman left. After the ball giving team knocks out all the batsmen of the opponent, the teams change positions. So, the goal of the game is to score more points than the opponent. Points are awarded for the so-called "runs" (runs).

The cricket ball is made of cork and covered in red leather. The leather parts are sewn with each other in the center, and this slightly protruding part of the ball is called a “seam”, the presence of which is very important for the ball feeding technique.

History Of Cricket
History Of Cricket
If the captain believes that his team has scored a sufficient number of “overruns”, he can stop the round of throws on the gate, that is, change roles with the opponent. In this case, the team is said to have made a “declaration” (declaration). After the change of roles, the team that fought back, has a clear idea of ​​how many “overruns” it needs to gain to win.

Sports equipment for cricket includes a ball, bats and protective pads and gloves.

Cricket Ball:

A cricket ball is a ball with a diameter of about 7 cm and a mass of about 170 grams. As a rule, the ball is made of balsa wood, which is covered with white or red colored natural leather on top. Parts of the skin are stitched together in the center, forming a seam protruding above the surface. This seam is of great importance when serving. The giving player tries to send the ball in such a way that the ball hit the ground with this particular seam and changes the flight path, making it difficult for the batsman to hit the ball. In some cases, a leather case is filled with compressed sawdust or tow.

History Of Cricket
History Of Cricket

Cricket Bat:

The cricket bat looks like a short paddle. On one side, the bat is flat, and on the other side there is a triangular protrusion, which gives the bat the necessary rigidity. The handle of the bits is cylindrical. In preparation for the game, it is usually wrapped with cloth or rubber. The handle is long enough to allow players to hold it with two hands.

As a blank for the manufacture of bits, use a wooden blank of willow, from which cut the bat. The size of the projectile should not exceed 96.5 cm, and the width of the platform should not exceed 10.8 cm. The weight of the bit varies from 1.1 to 1.4 kg.

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