How Formula One Works

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How Formula One Works

Technology and Formula 1 go hand in hand. Today
Formula 1 is not only a competition, but also a test ground for testing new
technologies. Here, car manufacturers run in the latest engineering solutions,
which can then find their application in commercial vehicles.
How Formula One Works
How Formula One Works

Hybrids: The Struggle For Efficiency:

A revolutionary change from last season was the
return to the F1 turbocharged engines. Replaced the 2.4-liter atmospheric V8
engine with 750 liters. with. came a modest, seemingly 1.6-liter V6
six-cylinder turbo engine with a capacity of about 600 liters. The rotational
speed of the crankshaft which is up to 15000 rpm.
The kinetic energy recovery system, which came to
motor racing back in 2009, transformed essentially fireballs into real hybrids,
was also transformed. The system called ERS has risen to a new level of
productivity, opening up new opportunities for teams. Now it allows not only to
generate kinetic energy when braking, but also the thermal energy of exhaust
gases from the engine turbocharger. The resulting energy is converted into
electricity and vice versa, thanks to which the car receives an additional 160
liters. with. for 33 seconds on each lap.
For comparison, last year’s system accumulated
only 80 additional horsepower, and the use of ERS was only 6.76 seconds per
lap.
This year, for the first time in the history of
Formula 1, the FIA ​​International Automobile Federation has limited fuel
consumption, now each car can use no more than 100 kg per race. For comparison,
in the previous year, the race cars burned an average of 160 kg of fuel during
the race.

Supercomputers In Formula 1:

The role of computers in the royal races is
difficult to overestimate – without a laptop today it is impossible to even
start a car. And impressive supercomputers allow team engineers to design the
design of the car. Portable servers deployed in mobile data centers,
high-impact laptops, gigabytes of data transmitted over satellite Internet to
another continent after being collected from hundreds of car sensors. All this
is the modern world of Formula 1 racing.

Creating
a race car begins with the design, and to go from the first sketches to start
the engine, the team takes about nine months of work.

How Formula One Works
How Formula One Works
For example, the engineers of the British team
Catherham used a Dell supercomputer cluster leased for a period from the
management of the University of Cambridge to design their car. It consists of
186 Dell servers, each of which has eight Intel Xeon processors. Three large
servers are at the head of the computing power. They are responsible for
visualizing all the calculations that the cluster produces. The cluster is
responsible for modeling the influence of certain elements of the car on its
aerodynamics. As the engineers of the team say, ten years ago it was only possible
to dream of such.
A model of a new part had to be made manually,
then dozens of tests were carried out in a wind tunnel. It is fair to say that
tests in the wind tunnel have not gone away, but today engineers use it only at
the final stage to test a full-fledged car model in the collection.

In seventeen hours of operation, the
supercomputer cluster performs about 10 billion calculations using millions of
units of input data. To maintain a Caterham cluster in the event of a power
outage, 60 batteries are used, which can hold it for up to 12 minutes at
maximum load. After all, the supercomputer cluster is operated 24×7 almost all
year round. The exception is two weeks in August, when all teams are forbidden
to work on the cars according to the rules of “Formula 1”. By the
way, it is precisely these days that the main diagnosis of iron is made.
Calculations do not end after designing a car.
During the race, each team has a mobile rack, which carries on board 20 virtual
servers for the work of 60 team members. It is through such a mobile rack that
the processing of all telemetry during the race is organized, which allows
engineers to adjust the strategy and adjust the car in real time.
In addition, after each arrival in the case of
the Catherham team, it is necessary to receive, process and send about 20 GB of
data via satellite Internet to the central office of the team in London. But
the races are held almost year-round around the world.

Logistics In Formula 1:

The efforts of the Formula 1 logisticians are
difficult to overestimate – after each race weekend it is necessary not only to
transport 22 cars without any damage to the place of the future Grand Prix,
spare parts for them and tons of equipment, but also to do it as quickly as
possible. Moreover, it is necessary to organize relocation, transportation and
housing for the participating teams, each of which may have up to 100 hotel
rooms.

How Formula One Works
How Formula One Works
To cope with this amount of work, the
international automobile association uses the services of the German logistics
company DHL, which is currently the official partner of the race. Each team
participating in the World Cup, overcomes between races and test sessions an
average of about 160,000 km per season.
In the intervals between the European stages, the
main part of the equipment, spare parts and the race cars themselves are loaded
into trucks and set off on a “journey” along the autobahns of Europe. At the
same time, tires and fuel are delivered to the place of the next race by
Formula 1 technical partners.
As for the rest of the races of the season, then
without air transportation is just not enough. The participating teams
developed special cargo containers for their equipment, so that everything fit
as compactly as possible, and the time required to pack the equipment took a
minimum of time.
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