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Lung Cancer: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention

Lung Cancer: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention
Lung Cancer: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention
Lung cancer is a condition that begins in the lungs and is the most common type of cancer worldwide. It takes more lives each year than prostate, stomach or any other type of cancer. Fortunately, advancements in technology have made early stage detection of cancer possible. Visit the Saifee Hospital Mumbai for early cancer screening & diagnosis.

Some risk factors that can contribute to uncontrolled gene mutations and the development of lung cancer include:
  • Family History Of Lung Cancer – If lung cancer is common in your family, you are at a greater risk of inheriting it.
  • Smoking – The risk of developing Lung cancer is directly proportionate to the number of cigarettes you smoke each day and the number of years you’ve continued doing so. It is one of the leading causes of lung cancer and can be controlled by quitting it.
  • Exposure To Second-Hand Smoke – Even though you don’t smoke, exposure to second-hand smoke can also increase your chances of getting lung cancer.
  • Exposure To Asbestos, Silica And Other Carcinogens – If you’re exposed to certain carcinogens like chromium, nickel, asbestos, etc. at your workplace then you’re at a greater risk of developing lung cancer.

How Does Lung Cancer Occur?

Our Lungs are two spongy organs located in the chest. Lung cancer happens when the cells in the lungs grow uncontrollably and cluster together to form a tumor. This tumor can also spread to different parts of the body but it can be stopped if detected early.

Signs & Symptoms Of Lung Cancer:

Detecting Lung Cancer in its earliest stages is extremely difficult as the symptoms are quite similar to other diseases. However, some of the signs and symptoms that may indicate cancer are:

1. Cough – Developing a new form of cough which doesn’t go away even after taking proper medications.

2. Coughing Up Blood – If there’s blood present in the cough even in small amounts, then it can indicate cancer.

3. Shortness Of Breath – The person is not able to breathe properly or falls short of breath after walking for some time or climbing the stairs.

4. Chest Pain And Bone Pain – There’s a consistent aching in the chest area and the bones or shoulder if cancer has spread.

5. Hoarseness – The voice becomes heavy and hoarse.

6. Loss In Weight – There is a sudden, unexpected weight loss and loss in appetite.

Understanding The Ways To Prevent Lung Cancer:

Some of the ways through which lung cancer can be prevented include:

1. Quit Smoking And Consuming Tobacco:

Smoking is known to irritate the cells and cause mutations which leads to cancer. Hence, quitting is the best way to prevent cancer. Tobacco consumption can also irritate the cells in the mouth and lead to lung cancer.

2. Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle:

Consume a diet full of diverse foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, carbohydrates, etc and exercise regularly for 30 mins to prevent lung cancer.

3. Schedule Regular Cancer Screenings:

With regular screenings, early detection of cancer is possible. Also, you will get to know the various risk factors that can lead to cancer and learn about preventive measures to help control them. Schedule a visit to Saifee Hospital, Mumbai for early diagnosis and prevention of cancer.

4. Avoid Working At Carcinogenic Places:

Avoid working at places with high levels of carcinogens in the air or take proper measures to protect yourself.

Using these preventive measures, you can reduce the risk of developing lung cancer and lead a happy, healthy life!

For further queries, book an appointment at the Saifee Hospital, Mumbai

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