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Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?

Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?
Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?
Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which the person feels interruption in a breath. In sleep apnea, the patient feels it hard to breathe while sleeping. Therefore, he wakes up after regular intervals. This lack of sleep can also develop many health issues. However, there are two types of sleep apnea.
  • Obstructed sleep apnea
  • Central sleep apnea

Obstructed Sleep Apnea

Obstructed sleep apnea is more common in people of every age. In this, the airways of the patient get blocked while sleeping. This blockage of the airways makes it hard to breathe during sleep. The patient may feel a small attack of apnea, in which he can’t breathe for several seconds.

Central Sleep Apnea

This condition is not as common as compare to obstructed sleep apnea. In central sleep apnea, your airways are not blocked, but your brain fails to signal the body and muscle to start breathing.

People Who Are At The Risk Of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a condition that can affect the people of every age and sex. However, the risk factors for sleep apnea include:
  • Being male
  • Large tonsils
  • Being overweight
  • Being over age 40
  • Thick neck
  • Family history
  • Smoking

Effects Of Sleep Apnea Of The Patient

This condition isn’t dangerous. However, if it remains untreated, it can develop various other health conditions that include:
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Headache
  • Heart failure
Severe attacks of breathing can make your health worsen. If you don’t treat this condition, it can affect your daily life activities.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea?

There are various symptoms of sleep apnea. These symptoms can also overlap with another health disease. Therefore, if you experience three or more three symptoms, you should consult with your doctor immediately. However, common symptoms include:
  • Loud snoring
  • Morning headache
  • Restless sleep
  • Fatigue
  • Waking up with sore throat
  • Waking up with a dry mouth
  • Irritability

Complications Due To Sleep Apnea

Various complications can occur due to sleep apnea. These severe medical conditions are:

Daytime Fatigue

Due to the sleep apnea when you awake again and again for the whole night, you can’t complete your sleeping hours which approx. 7 to 8 hrs, usually depends on age. This low quality sleep makes you fatigue and drowsiness for the whole day.


Diabetes is a condition in which your body can’t produce enough insulin or in other condition if it produces insulin that is not enough. This increases the glucose level in the blood. Daytime fatigue and sleep apnea can cause type-2 Diabetes.

Liver Problems

Liver problem is one of the most severe issues caused by sleep apnea. The patient will have abnormal liver functionality, and the liver may also show the signs of scarring.

Irritation For Partner

As described above that sleep apnea or breath disturbance causes loud snoring while sleeping. This loud snoring can disturb your partner’s sleep. This condition makes them helpless and allows them to move to other rooms.

Diagnosis And Treatment

In the diagnosis of sleep apnea, the doctor may recommend some tests. The can also interview your partner who sleeps on your bed, about the snoring and other unintentional actions. The doctor may also ask about recent medical health or family history. Therefore, after all this, the doctor will recommend you appropriate tests.

You can use medication; you can also purchase sleeping tablets online to increase sleep quality at night. In other treatments, the doctor might prescribe you therapies.

The doctor may also recommend various devices to use while sleeping. These devices, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is on top of the list. This device makes sure that the pressure remains stable inside the airways. Because the blockage only occurs when the throat muscles relax and cover the airways.

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