Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?

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Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?
Sleep Apnea | What Are Its Causes And Symptoms?
Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which the person feels
interruption in a breath. In sleep apnea, the patient feels it hard to breathe
while sleeping. Therefore, he wakes up after regular intervals. This lack of
sleep can also develop many health issues. However, there are two types of
sleep apnea.
  • Obstructed sleep apnea
  • Central sleep apnea

Obstructed Sleep Apnea

Obstructed sleep apnea is more common in people of every
age. In this, the airways of the patient get blocked while sleeping. This
blockage of the airways makes it hard to breathe during sleep. The patient may
feel a small attack of apnea, in which he can’t breathe for several seconds.

Central Sleep Apnea

This condition is not as common as compare to obstructed
sleep apnea. In central sleep apnea, your airways are not blocked, but your
brain fails to signal the body and muscle to start breathing.

People Who Are At The Risk Of Sleep
Apnea

Sleep apnea is a condition that can affect the people of
every age and sex. However, the risk factors for sleep apnea include:
  • Being male
  • Large tonsils
  • Being overweight
  • Being over age 40
  • Thick neck
  • Family history
  • Smoking

Effects Of Sleep Apnea Of The
Patient

This condition isn’t dangerous. However, if it remains
untreated, it can develop various other health conditions that include:
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Headache
  • Heart failure
Severe attacks of breathing can make your health worsen. If
you don’t treat this condition, it can affect your daily life activities.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of
Sleep Apnea?

There are various symptoms of sleep apnea. These symptoms
can also overlap with another health disease. Therefore, if you experience
three or more three symptoms, you should consult with your doctor immediately. However,
common symptoms include:
  • Loud snoring
  • Morning headache
  • Restless sleep
  • Fatigue
  • Waking up with sore throat
  • Waking up with a dry mouth
  • Irritability

Complications Due To Sleep Apnea

Various complications can occur due to sleep apnea. These
severe medical conditions are:

Daytime Fatigue

Due to the sleep apnea when you awake again and again for
the whole night, you can’t complete your sleeping hours which approx. 7 to
8 hrs, usually depends on age. This low quality sleep makes you fatigue and
drowsiness for the whole day.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which your body can’t produce
enough insulin or in other condition if it produces insulin that is not enough.
This increases the glucose level in the blood. Daytime fatigue and sleep apnea
can cause type-2 Diabetes.

Liver Problems

Liver problem is one of the most severe issues caused by
sleep apnea. The patient will have abnormal liver functionality, and the liver
may also show the signs of scarring.

Irritation For Partner

As described above that sleep apnea or breath disturbance
causes loud snoring while sleeping. This loud snoring can disturb your
partner’s sleep. This condition makes them helpless and allows them to move to
other rooms.

Diagnosis And Treatment

In the diagnosis of sleep apnea, the doctor may recommend
some tests. The can also interview your partner who sleeps on your bed, about
the snoring and other unintentional actions. The doctor may also ask about
recent medical health or family history. Therefore, after all this, the doctor
will recommend you appropriate tests.
You can use medication; you can also purchase sleeping tablets online
to increase sleep quality at night. In other treatments, the doctor might
prescribe you therapies.
The doctor may also recommend various devices to use while
sleeping. These devices, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is on top
of the list. This device makes sure that the pressure remains stable inside the
airways. Because the blockage only occurs when the throat muscles relax and
cover the airways.

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