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Atherosclerosis Disease

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the arteries become hard and narrow, which silently and slowly blocks arteries, putting blood flow at risk. Atherosclerosis is that the usual reason behind heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular un-wellness what together is called as cardiovascular disease. The disease is a specific type of arteriosclerosis that sometimes are used interchangeably. The blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to the rest of the body (arteries) becomes thick and stiff, which restricts the blood flow to the organs and tissues, thus resulting into arteriosclerosis disease. Atherosclerosis means accumulation of fats, cholesterol and substances in and around the artery walls (plaque) that restricts the blood flow. Cardiologists in Jaypee hospital in Noida say that the following are the causes, symptoms and treatment for atherosclerosis disease.

Atherosclerosis Disease
Atherosclerosis Disease

Symptoms Of Atherosclerosis Disease:

Development of atherosclerosis disease is gradual. Usually, a person will find no signs or symptoms in mild atherosclerosis disease. It is when an artery becomes so narrowed or clogged that it stops supplying adequate blood to the organs or tissues, the symptoms start surfacing. Symptoms of moderate to severe atherosclerosis depend on which arteries are affected by it. For example:
  • If a person has atherosclerosis in his heart arteries, then he may have symptoms such as chest pain or pressure (angina).
  • If a person has atherosclerosis in the arteries that leads to his brains, then he may have symptoms such as sudden numbness or weakness in his arms or legs; difficulty in speaking or slurred speech; temporary loss of vision in one eye. These symptoms is an indication for transient ischemic attack (TIA), which, if left untreated may result in a stroke.
  • If a person has atherosclerosis in the arteries of his arms and lungs, then he may have signs of peripheral artery disease, such as leg pain while walking (claudication).
  • If a person has atherosclerosis in the arteries that lead to his kidneys, then he might develop high blood pressure or kidney failure.

Causes Of Atherosclerosis Disease:

Atherosclerosis disease is a slow, progressive disease in nature that may begin from childhood days. Though, the exact cause of the disease is still unknown, it may start with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery. The cause behind this damage may be:
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • High triglycerides, which is a type of fat (lipid) in a human’s blood
  • Smoking and other tobacco products
  • Insulin resistance, obesity or diabetes
  • Inflammation from diseases, such as arthritis, lupus or infections, or inflammation of unknown cause.
Because of the damage of the inner wall of an artery, blood cells and other substances often clump at the injured area and builds up in the inner lining of the artery. Soon, fatty deposits (plaque) formed from cholesterol and other cellular products also starts building up at the injured area and hardens and narrows the arteries. The organs and tissues that are connected with these blocked arteries stops functioning properly because of insufficiency of the blood. Eventually, pieces of the fatty deposits may break off enter a person’s bloodstream. Moreover, the smooth lining of the plaque may rapture and spill cholesterol and other substances into the bloodstream. This rapture and subsequent spilling may cause a blood clot, which can block the blood flow to a specific part of the body. Cardiologist in Jaypee hospital in Noida holds vast experience in treating atherosclerosis disease and can easily understand and treat it.

Treatment For The Disease:

The most appropriate treatment for atherosclerosis is change in lifestyle, which means eating a healthy diet and exercising. But, sometimes when the disease is at an advanced level, then medication or surgical procedures may be recommended, which are mentioned below

I) Medications: Various drugs prescribed by the doctors holds potential power to slow or even reverse the effects of atherosclerosis, the most common of which are:
  • Cholesterol medications
  • Antiplatelet medications
  • Beta blocker medications
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Water pills (diuretics)
  • Other medications
II) Surgical Procedures: In some cases, the only treatment option to treat atherosclerosis is by way of surgery. Following surgical procedures may be advised to a person if he has severe symptoms or blockage that threatens muscle or skin tissue survival.
  • Angioplasty and stent placement
  • Endarterectomy
  • Fibrinolytic therapy
  • Bypass surgery
For more information on cardiologist in Jaypee hospital in Noida who can treat atherosclerosis disease, contact Credihealth today.

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