Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention

Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention
Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention

A heart attack, also known as cardiac arrest is one of the
leading causes of death in adults. The chief function of the heart is to pump
blood throughout the body. A heart attack happens once the blood flow to the
heart is blocked. It can lead to heart failure if not treated immediately.
Visit the best cardiologist in Kolkata
for early diagnosis. The common Risk factors for Heart Attack include:

1. Age Factor: Heart attacks are directly proportionate to
age. With increasing age, the risk of heart failure increases.
2. Family History: If anyone in your family has had a
history of heart failure, you are at a greater risk.
3. Obesity: Obesity is associated with bad cholesterol
levels, high blood pressure, high triglyceride which can cause heart blockages
and eventually its failure.
4. Stress: Stress is a major culprit. It is linked to a
number of cardiological diseases, including heart attacks.
5. Other autoimmune disorders: Having autoimmune disorders
like rheumatoid arthritis or type – 1 diabetes can lead to heart attacks.

What Are The Different Symptoms Of
Heart Attack?

A heart occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is
blocked due to the build-up of plaque in the arteries. The plaque narrows the
arteries and thus, lowers the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. The
various symptoms through which the blockage in the heart can be detected are:
  • Pounding in your chest – Due to the narrowing of arteries,
    there is a lack in the supply of oxygen and blood to the heart. This can cause
    the heart rate to increase which may lead to the sensation of your heart
    pounding in your chest.
  • Dizziness – A person might feel dizzy or light-headed.
  • Shortness of breath – In a condition like heart attack, the
    heart’s ability to pump blood is affected. This can cause difficulty in
    breathing or dizziness.
  • Chest pain – An increase in the heart rate due to the
    blocked arteries can cause the muscles of the heart to weaken. This may lead to
    mild chest pain.
  • Weakness or fatigue – A person may experience weakness or
    fatigue due to the heart’s inability to pump blood effectively during Heart
  • Excessive and cold sweating  A person may sweat profusely
    while doing normal activities.
If you have any similar signs, visit a cardiologist in
for checkup.

Understanding Various Ways To
Prevent A Heart Attack:

A heart attack is a fatal condition. However, by creating
small changes in your lifestyle you can prevent it from occurring. Some of the
ways though which you can prevent it are as follows:
  • Consuming a healthy diet – Eating a heart healthy diet which
    comprises of fibre – rich foods like wholegrains, fruits, vegetables & nuts
    can help prevent the development of blockage in your arteries.
  • Avoiding smoking & Limit the consumption of alcohol –
    Smoking and alcohol are detrimental for your heart. Avoid smoking and limit the
    consumption of alcohol to one or two glasses a day to avoid any heart
  • Reducing stress & anxiety – Stress is one of the root
    causes for developing different cardiological complications. Practice
    meditation daily to relieve your stress and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
  • Manage other diseases – If you have other health issues like
    diabetes, high blood pressure, rheumatoid arthritis or any other diseases,
    manage them appropriately. Get regular check-ups done and follow the advice of
    your doctor.
  • Get enough sleep – Try to sleep for atleast 8 hours a day as
    sleep deprivation can significantly increase your stress levels and affect your
    heart’s health.
By following the above guidelines, you can prevent heart
attacks and ensure your heart’s proper functioning. Start each day with a
happy, healthy heart!
For further queries, visit a top cardiologist in Kolkata.
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