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Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention

Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention
Heart Attack: Risks, Symptoms & Prevention
A heart attack, also known as cardiac arrest is one of the leading causes of death in adults. The chief function of the heart is to pump blood throughout the body. A heart attack happens once the blood flow to the heart is blocked. It can lead to heart failure if not treated immediately. Visit the best cardiologist in Kolkata for early diagnosis. The common Risk factors for Heart Attack include:

1. Age Factor: Heart attacks are directly proportionate to age. With increasing age, the risk of heart failure increases.
2. Family History: If anyone in your family has had a history of heart failure, you are at a greater risk.
3. Obesity: Obesity is associated with bad cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, high triglyceride which can cause heart blockages and eventually its failure.
4. Stress: Stress is a major culprit. It is linked to a number of cardiological diseases, including heart attacks.
5. Other autoimmune disorders: Having autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis or type – 1 diabetes can lead to heart attacks.

What Are The Different Symptoms Of Heart Attack?

A heart occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked due to the build-up of plaque in the arteries. The plaque narrows the arteries and thus, lowers the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart. The various symptoms through which the blockage in the heart can be detected are:
  • Pounding in your chest – Due to the narrowing of arteries, there is a lack in the supply of oxygen and blood to the heart. This can cause the heart rate to increase which may lead to the sensation of your heart pounding in your chest.
  • Dizziness – A person might feel dizzy or light-headed.
  • Shortness of breath – In a condition like heart attack, the heart’s ability to pump blood is affected. This can cause difficulty in breathing or dizziness.
  • Chest pain – An increase in the heart rate due to the blocked arteries can cause the muscles of the heart to weaken. This may lead to mild chest pain.
  • Weakness or fatigue – A person may experience weakness or fatigue due to the heart’s inability to pump blood effectively during Heart Attack.
  • Excessive and cold sweating  A person may sweat profusely while doing normal activities.
If you have any similar signs, visit a cardiologist in Kolkata for checkup.

Understanding Various Ways To Prevent A Heart Attack:

A heart attack is a fatal condition. However, by creating small changes in your lifestyle you can prevent it from occurring. Some of the ways though which you can prevent it are as follows:
  • Consuming a healthy diet – Eating a heart healthy diet which comprises of fibre – rich foods like wholegrains, fruits, vegetables & nuts can help prevent the development of blockage in your arteries.
  • Avoiding smoking & Limit the consumption of alcohol – Smoking and alcohol are detrimental for your heart. Avoid smoking and limit the consumption of alcohol to one or two glasses a day to avoid any heart complications.
  • Reducing stress & anxiety – Stress is one of the root causes for developing different cardiological complications. Practice meditation daily to relieve your stress and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
  • Manage other diseases – If you have other health issues like diabetes, high blood pressure, rheumatoid arthritis or any other diseases, manage them appropriately. Get regular check-ups done and follow the advice of your doctor.
  • Get enough sleep – Try to sleep for atleast 8 hours a day as sleep deprivation can significantly increase your stress levels and affect your heart’s health.
By following the above guidelines, you can prevent heart attacks and ensure your heart’s proper functioning. Start each day with a happy, healthy heart!

For further queries, visit a top cardiologist in Kolkata.

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