Anyone can suffer from heat stroke due to the body becoming overheated. It usually happens due to high temperatures or prolonged exposure to physical exertion. Heat stroke can be the most severe form of heat injury if your body temperature is 104 F (40 degrees Celsius) or higher. This condition is most common in the summer months. So, of all ages, people have to aware of signs of heat stroke.
If the heat increases, or if no one can tolerate the heat, the body heat rises. And then the tendency to heat stroke increases.
There are many more causes of heat stroke. Nowadays, from the elderly to the young, even children suffer from strokes.
It can also hear that some people can’t stand the heat due to going in a crowd or being in a meeting. Some people get heat stroke. Everyone should be aware that it is more prone to summer. You need to know the signs of heat stroke.
To know more about signs of heat stroke, please scroll down.
Table of Contents
What is heat stroke?
It is heat stroke, which is also known as sunstroke. It is a heat stroke type that causes the body temperature to rise above 40.0 ° C (104.0 ° F) and causes confusion. Other signs include
- red skin,
- and dizziness.
Classic heat stroke usually has a lack of sweat, while sweat is typically present in external heat stroke.
The onset of heat stroke can be sudden or gradual.
Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition characterized by complex hyperthermia and multifactorial dysfunction. As a result, Heat exposure may include treatment.
Heat stroke due to high external temperature or physical exertion Some people with certain health conditions are at risk of heat stroke.
Types of heat stroke
Abnormal or prolonged exposure to heat and moisture without relief or adequate fluid intake can lead to various heat-related diseases.
Children and adolescents adapt more slowly than adults to changes in the warmth of the environment. They produce more heat with activity and less sweat than adults.
Sweating is one of the ways to cool the body. Children and adolescents often do not think of rest while having fun. And they may not drink enough fluids while playing sports, exercising, or participating in sports.
Children and adolescents have ongoing (chronic) health problems or are more likely to develop heat-related illnesses while taking certain medications
There include two types of heat stroke:
- Classic heat stroke
The classic heat stroke is not related to exercise but rather to high heat and humidity over time. This stroke starts slowly, developing over most of the day.
However, it is common in the elderly and chronic sick people, who may present with anorexia, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, confusion, or hypotension. Anhidrosis is common
- Exertional heat stroke
Hardworking heat stroke usually affects healthy young people who practice in hot, humid environments. It’s fast in the beginning.
- Nausea, dizziness, and confusion are common.
- Also, Fatigue, ataxia, coma, and nucleus rigidity may occur.
- And, Patients often sweat during the presentation.
Diagnostic Criteria for Heat Stroke
- Exposure to the increased pressure of heat due to exercise or increased temperature and humidity is a common cause of heat stroke.
- Besides, the changed mental state is another diagnostic criterion.
- However, Patients with heat stroke have a core (rectal) temperature above 40.5 ° C (105 ° F).
- Also, there may or may not be sweating
Symptoms and signs of heat stroke
Here some symptoms and signs of heat stroke include:
- She altered her mental state or behavior.
Confusion, agitation, slurred speech, irritability, temptation, convulsions, and coma can all occur as a result of heat stroke
- High body temperature
A body temperature of 104 F (40 4 C) or higher obtained with a rectal thermometer is the heat stroke’s main symptom.
- Alteration in sweating in heat stroke driven by hot weather, your skin will feel hot and dry to the touch. However, heat stroke can make your skin feel dry or slightly moist through rigorous exercise
- Nausea and vomiting.
You may have abdominal pain or nausea.
- Flushed skin
turn red your skin as your body temperature rises
- Rapid breathing
Your breathing may be fast and shallow.
- Also, Headaches can cause your head to rupture.
- Seizures, coma, and death are possible
- Exposure to a hot environment
One type of heat stroke, also known as nonrecreational (classic) heat stroke, increases the core body temperature due to being in a hot environment. This type of heat stroke usually occurs after exposure to hot, humid weather, especially over a long period.
- Wear extra clothing that allows sweat to evaporate quickly and keep your body cool
- Drinking alcohol, which can damage your body’s ability to control your temperature
- Sweating causes dehydration by not drinking enough water to replenish the lost fluids
The ability to fight extreme heat depends on the strength of your central nervous system. At a very young age, the central nervous system is not fully developed. By the age of 65, the central nervous system begins to deteriorate, which can cope with changes in your body temperature.
Exertion in hot weather
However, participating in military training and sports, such as football or long-distance running events, is one of the conditions that can cause heat stroke in hot weather.
Sudden exposure to hot weather.
A sudden rise in temperature, such as when you experience a sudden temperature rise when traveling in the heat waves of summer or traveling in hot climates, but you may suffer from heat-related illness.
Some medications affect your body’s ability to stay hydrated and know how to respond to heat. Be especially careful in hot weather if you take
control your blood pressure by blocking adrenaline (beta-blockers),
release your body from sodium
and water (diuretics), or reduce mental illness symptoms. Antipsychotics).
Certain health conditions
A few chronic illnesses, such as heart or lung disease, can increase your risk of heat stroke. So maybe obese, become sedentary, and have a history of previous heat stroke.
Depending on how long the body temperature stays, heat stroke can create different complications. Serious complications include:
Significant organ damage. Without a rapid response to low body temperature, heat stroke can cause swelling of your brain or other vital organs, possibly causing permanent damage.
Death. Without immediate and adequate treatment, heat stroke can be fatal.
Signs of heat stroke in elderly
Warning signs vary but can include the following:
- A too high body temperature (above 103°F)
- Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
- strong pulse.
- Throbbing headache.
- Heat Exhaustion.
Signs of heat stroke in babies
Kids, unlike toddlers, cannot express pain verbally. For this reason, you have to extra careful when going out with your baby on hot days. Some of the symptoms of heat stroke for children include:
- A temperature of 103 degrees Fahrenheit
- Besides, Rapid pulse
- Also, Hot, red, and dry skin
- Shallow breathing
- Besides, Lethargy
- And, Unconsciousness
If you doubt your baby has a heat stroke, call 911 now. Dress your little one and keep him in a shady and cool place
- Bathe your baby with a washcloth dipped in cold water.
- Use an electric fan to keep your child’s temperature low.
How to Prevent Heat Stroke in Babies?
It doesn’t take much to prevent a heat stroke in your little one:
- Wear loose-fitting, light-weight clothing for your baby on hot days
- Keep him or her away from direct sunlight
- Besides, if possible, make sure your little one is in the shade during the hottest part of the day
- AC on when getting in the car
- Also, make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids, especially when the temperature is higher than normal
- However, if your home does not have AC, take your child to a library or mall to get relief from the heat.
Signs of heat stroke and heat exhaustion
If you can cool down in 30 minutes, heat exhaustion is usually not severe. If it turns into a heat stroke, it needs to be considered an emergency.
Check for signs of heat exhaustion
- Also, Dizziness
- and confusion
- Besides, losing appetite and feeling sick
- Excessive sweating and paleness,
- Also, sticky skin
- Cramps in the arms
- However, the legs and abdomen
- Fast breathing or pulse
- Besides, Temperatures of 38 C or higher
- And, Being very thirsty
Preventing heat exhaustion and heat stroke
The risk of heat exhaustion or heat stroke is higher during hot weather or exercise.
- Drink plenty of cold drinks, especially when exercising
- Also, take a cool bath or shower
- Besides, ear light-colored, loose clothing
- Sprinkle water on the skin or cloth as well as
- Besides, Ignore the sun from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
- Avoid excess alcohol
- And, Avoid extreme practice
That will prevent dehydration and help keep your body cool.
When to go to a doctor
Take immediate steps to cool the overheated person while waiting for emergency treatment.
- Get the person in the shade or indoors.
- Besides, remove excess clothing.
- Cool the person by any means available –
1.keep a cool tub of water or a cool shower,
2.Besides, spray with a garden hose,
3.sponge with cold water,
4.Also, fan while mixing with cold water,
5.or ice packs or cool,
6.Besides, wet towels. Place on head, neck, armpits, and groin.
Heat stroke treatment centers to cool or cool your body to an average temperature to prevent or reduce your brain and vital organs’ loss. To do this, your doctor can take these steps:
- Immerse in cold water. Bathing in cold or ice water has proven to be the most effective way to lower your core body temperature quickly. The sooner you can get immersed in cold water, the lower the risk of death and organ damage.
- Also, Use evaporation cooling techniques. If cold water immersion is unavailable, healthcare workers may lower your body temperature using the evaporation method. Coldwater is abused in your body when hot air is fanned over you, causing the water to evaporate and cool your skin.
- However, Pack yourself with ice and cool blankets. Another way is to wrap yourself in a special cooling blanket and apply ice packs to your groin, neck, back, and armpits to reduce your temperature.
- Namely, give medicine to stop your shivering If your body temperature-
lowering treatment makes you shiver,
your doctor may give you a muscle relaxant,
such as benzodiazepines.
Besides, Vibration raises your body temperature,
making treatment less effective.
Home treatment is not enough for heat stroke. Seek emergency medical help if you have any signs or symptoms of heat stroke. Others should take steps to cool you down while waiting for emergency help to arrive. Do not drink any liquids while waiting for medical help
- Go to shady or air-conditioned places. If you don’t have AC in your home, go somewhere with air conditioning, such as a mall, movie theater, or public library.
- After that, Take a cool shower or bath. If you are outside and not near the shelter, soaking in a calm pond or stream can lower your temperature.
- Also, Drink plenty of fluids. Also, as you continue to lose salt through sweat, you can replenish salt and water with some sports drinks. Besides, if your doctor has limited your fluid or salt intake, check with him or her to check how much you should drink and whether you should replace your salt.
- Besides, do not drink sweet or alcoholic beverages to rehydrate. However, these drinks can interfere with your body’s ability to control your temperature. Also, drinking too cold can cause stomach upset.
Final Words for signs of heat stroke
After you recover from a heat stroke, you will probably be more sensitive to high temperatures next week. So, it is better to avoid your weather and heavy exercise until.
Everyone should know well about heat stroke. Besides, if anyone is confused about this, you can follow the information given above with heat stroke signs. Signs of heat stroke have to know all.