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Things You Should Know About Diabetes Mellitus

Things You Should Know About Diabetes Mellitus
Things You Should Know About Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus includes a group of diseases that deal with how your body utilizes sugar or glucose. Diabetes Mellitus should not be confused with Diabetes Insipidus which is caused due to insufficiency of ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone). Diabetes Mellitus has Type I and Type II depending upon if the patient is dependent on insulin or not. “Whichever the type may be, it means that the body is unable to utilize glucose properly and the blood glucose levels are on the higher side because the tissues are unable to efficiently utilize them for their needs” says Dr. Sharma, an eminent doctor at Fortis Hospital, Noida. “Too much glucose in the blood can cause a number of disorders,” he adds.

Diabetes can be chronic or acute. Type I and Type II can be categorized under chronic diabetes while as pre-diabetes comes under acute diabetes. Although type I diabetes can occur at any age it typically occurs during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes, can develop at any point in time, but incidence greatly increases above the age of 40 years. Another type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which can manifest during pregnancy but may resolve once the baby is delivered.

What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Unexplained weight loss
Along with this, there could also be the presence of some clinical signs
  • Elevated sugar levels in the blood
  • Presence of ketones in the urine
  • Slow healing sores or reduced wound healing
  • Frequent infections of gums and skin
If you suspect that you have diabetes, you must visit Fortis Hospital, Noida or any hospital near you and get a health check-up done.

What Is The Treatment Of Diabetes?

Your doctor may prescribe you medications according to diabetes you have as well as the extent to which diabetes in under control. Your physician at Fortis Hospital Noida any other hospital may prescribe regular blood sugar level monitoring along with oral hypoglycemic or insulin. Along with this, your doctor would advise you lifestyle modifications, eliminating refined sugar and carbohydrates from your diet along with adding exercise like low impact cardio, running, brisk walking or yoga.

1. Blood Sugar Level Monitoring

According to the severity of the disease, your doctor may ask you to monitor your blood sugar a few times a week to a few times a day. Blood sugar needs to be carefully monitored in order to be managed better. Your doctor may also recommend HbA1c testing in order to analyze the blood sugar over a span of last few months.

2. Insulin

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin. Many people with type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes also require insulin medication. Insulin can’t be taken or administered orally and hence needs to be injected in the patient. Patients of Type 1 diabetes usually carry an Insulin pen for their medications.

3. Oral Hypoglycemics

The most common medication and usually the first line of treatment for diabetic patients. Metformin is usually prescribed to patients of Type 2 diabetes.

4. Manage Your Weight

Weight management immensely helps people with diabetes and also prevents a large number of co-morbid diseases with occur along with diabetes and obesity. Take a healthy diet, with higher levels of complex carbohydrates and fibre content and minimum sugar content. Include a variety of fresh foods, vegetables, fruits, grains and avoid alcohol, refined carbohydrates, packaged foods and takeaways.

5. Be More Active In Your Daily Life

Physical activity of half an hour to an hour can reduce your sugar levels and improve a sluggish metabolism to improve your overall health.

Diabetes Mellitus should be managed to improve the quality of life. A person with diabetes can live a good quality of life, and if it is managed well, can minimize risks for occurrences of other diseases.

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